Thyroid diseases are amongst the most common of all diseases of the endocrine system. Thyroid gland located in the neck produces thyroxine which regulates the metabolism of the body. Low production of thyroxine (hypothyroidism) can cause weight gain, dry skin, irregular periods, low pulse, infertility, fatigue and high cholesterol levels. Increased production of thyroid hormones due to an overactive thyroid gland can produce weight loss, sweating, palpitations, anxiety and prominent eyes.
Hypothyroidism: autoimmunity is the most common cause. Other causes include iodine deficiency, surgery and radiation.
Hyperthyroidism: most commonly due to Graves’ disease which is autoimmune in origin. Other causes include toxic nodular goiter and autonomous thyroid nodule
Thyroid nodules: it can be benign nodules or malignant nodules like papillary cancers
Thyroiditis: this can be painful subacute thyroiditis or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Thyroid diseases in pregnancy
Our endocrinology deals with all types of endocrine diseases.
Our laboratory has testing facilities for various hormones using high end fully automated machines.